Observatory of Ulugbek

Observatory of Ulugbek in Samarkand

The Ulugbek Observatory in Samarkand, built between 1424-1428, is considered to be one of the most significant observatories of the Middle Ages. The creator of this observatory is Muhammad Taragay Ulugbek, the grandson of Amir Timur (Tamerlane). During the reign of Samarkand, Ulugbek, with the help and assistance of his mentor, set about creating an observatory.

The construction of the Ulugbek Observatory was of a special kind and the main role did not belong here to the architect. The construction was controlled by scientists (Ulugbek and Rumi) who determined the placement and dimensions of the tools built into the building. It is considered by scholars to have been one of the finest observatories in the Islamic world. Some of the famous Islamic astronomers who worked at the observatory include Al Kashi, Ali Qushji and Ulugbek himself. Finished construction for three years. The observatory was destroyed in 1449 and rediscovered in 1908.

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