Uthman Quran - Hast Imam in Tashkent
The Quran of Uthman, or the Quran of Osman, or the Samarkand Kufic Quran, the oldest manuscript of the Quran that has survived to the present day, which is believed to be covered with the blood of the third caliph, Usman. It is stored in Tashkent in the Madrasah of Muyi Muborak, part of the Hazrati Imam Ensemble (Hast Imam).
It is believed that the standard text of the Quran was developed at the time of Muhammad's son-in-law, the third Caliph Usman. Supposedly, the first five copies of the Koran were sent to the main cities of the Caliphate (one of them is kept in the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul), and the sixth copy of the caliph was left to itself. It is believed that the successor of Usman, the fourth caliph Ali, took this manuscript from Medina to his new capital, Kufa. There she remained until the invasion of Tamerlane in the XV century. In 1402, Tamerlane defeated the Ottoman Sultan Bayazit, when returning home the way of the commander led through the Iraqi city of Basra. From where the Koran of Osman was taken and brought to Samarkand - the capital of Tamerlane's empire, and at this time it is stored in Tashkent.